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Containers for Change is a product stewardship scheme. Product stewardship is an approach to managing the impacts of different products and materials on the environment for the duration of their life cycle.

An integral part to the success Western Australia’s container deposit scheme, Containers for Change, is working alongside partners from the beverage and recycling industries.

First Responsible Suppliers

WARRRL-Industry-Beverage-Manufacturers

First Responsible Suppliers (FRS) share responsibility for the sustainable management of products.
The First Responsible Supplier of a beverage product is:

  • The person who first supplies the beverage product in the State; or
  • The person who, under the regulations, is taken to be the first responsible supplier of the beverage product.

Section 47D(1) of The Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2007 as amended by the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Amendment (Container deposit scheme) 2019

FRS pay for the cost of operating a convenient and accessible recycling scheme to recover drinks containers. In this way, suppliers take responsibility for helping to improve recycling rates and reduce the environmental impact of empty beverage containers.

Any FRS that supplies eligible beverage containers in Western Australia must enter into a Supply Agreement with WARRRL. This agreement manages FRS contributions for each eligible container they supply into Western Australia.

The amount a manufacturer contributes is based on the number of products each manufacturer sells in eligible containers in Western Australia.

Beverage manufacturers are required to display the refund mark on all eligible containers by 1 October 2022.

Contribution required from First Responsible Suppliers

Material Type Cost per container supplied (ex GST) Plus GST Cost per container supplied (Inc GST)
Aluminium 11.39 cents 1.14 cents 12.53 cents
Glass 11.84 cents 1.18 cents 13.02 cents
HDPE 11.85 cents 1.19 cents 13.04 cents
PET 11.76 cents 1.18 cents 12.94 cents
LPB 12.17 cents 1.22 cents 13.39 cents
Other materials 12.17 cents 1.22 cents 13.39 cents
Weighted average cost 11.65 cents 1.17 cents 12.82 cents

Please note, these prices:

  • are based on container redemption rates of 42% redeemed through refund points, with 22.1% of containers redeemed at material recycling facilities (MRFs) (eligible containers thrown away in Council recycling bins which end up at MRFs)
  • apply at the start of the scheme – the cost of running the scheme will change over time as more customers take the opportunity to redeem containers.
    The Supply Amount Calculation Methodology used for scheme pricing calculations can be found here.

It’s important that beverage manufacturers understand the range of obligations and the financial impact on their businesses.

Exporters

WARRRL-Industry-Exporters

In some circumstances, beverage products manufactured or first sold into Western Australia will be exported out of the State — either overseas, or to another Australian state or territory.

Because these containers do not stay in Western Australia for consumption or redemption, they are not a cost to the scheme. The exporter of these containers is therefore eligible for an export refund.

A company that exports beverage products in eligible containers can claim the export refund if the containers have had the scheme costs paid, and there is an Exporter Agreement (EA) with WARRRL in effect.

The EA provides a direct contractual relationship between the exporter and WARRRL, allowing WARRRL to audit and verify the export refund claim.

To create an Exporter Agreement please contact [email protected].

Logistics providers

WARRRL-Industry-Logistic-Provider

A logistics provider is a business, social enterprise, or organisation responsible for the safe and efficient transportation of containers from refund points to a centre for further processing.

This is undertaken at no charge to refund points.

Processors

WARRRL-Industry-Processors

Processors are responsible for:

  • Providing container collection infrastructure to container refund points;
  • Verifying the number of containers received from refund points;
  • Processing the collected containers into ready for sale material, such as crushing materials into bales;
  • The sale of materials to recyclers via an online auction platform; and
  • Facilitating the collection of materials by the purchasing recycler.

Material recovery facilities (MRFs)

Joondalup Resort - The Alcove

Material recovery facilities (MRFs) sort collected recyclable material and prepare it for recycling. They may use a combination of manual and mechanical separation methods to sort mixed recyclables.

MRFs are an important link in the Containers for Change recycling chain, with WARRRL closely collaborating in the collection and processing of containers

Online auction and sales portal

WARRRL-Industry-Online-Auction

All processed materials from processors and MRFs are sold through an online auction portal to approved recyclers. Only registered recyclers can buy through this portal.

As WARRRL is a not-for-profit organisation, any auction returns from the refund point network are reinvested into the scheme’s running costs.

Recyclers

WARRRL-Industry-Recyclers

Recyclers registered with WARRRL can access the online auction and sales portal. Recyclers can bid on auction lots or access ‘buy now’ direct sale offers on recycled materials processed through Containers for Change.

These materials include:

  • PET (polyethylene terephthalate);
  • HDPE (high-density polyethylene);
  • Aluminium;
  • Glass; and
  • Steel.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is the container deposit scheme funded?

First responsible suppliers that supply eligible beverage containers into Western Australia will fund the scheme. The contribution that each business makes to the scheme will be based on their sales in Western Australia.

The price charged per container differs across the nine material types accepted by the scheme.

What is the definition of a first responsible supplier?

Section 47D(1) of The Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2007 as amended by the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Amendment (Container deposit scheme) 2019 states subject to the regulations, the first responsible supplier of a beverage product is:

The person who first supplies the beverage product in the State; or

The person who, under the regulations, is taken to be the first responsible supplier of the beverage product.

What is the cost for me as a first responsible supplier?

The amount a manufacturer contributes is based on the number of products each manufacturer sells in eligible containers in Western Australia.

The below table summarises the contribution required by material type.

 

Material Type Cost per container supplied (ex GST) Plus GST Cost per container supplied (Inc GST)
Aluminium 11.39 cents 1.14 cents 12.53 cents
Glass 11.84 cents 1.18 cents 13.02 cents
HDPE 11.85 cents 1.19 cents 13.04 cents
PET 11.76 cents 1.18 cents 12.94 cents
LPB 12.17 cents 1.22 cents 13.39 cents
Other materials 12.17 cents 1.22 cents 13.39 cents
Weighted average cost 11.65 cents 1.17 cents 12.82 cents

Please note, these prices:

  • Are based on container redemption rates of 42% redeemed through refund points, with 22.1% of containers redeemed at material recycling facilities (MRFs) (eligible containers thrown away in Council recycling bins which end up at MRFs)
  • Apply at the start of the scheme – the cost of running the scheme will change over time as more customers take the opportunity to redeem containers.
Will the cost to beverage suppliers change over time?

It is expected that the costs of running the scheme will change over time as the scheme becomes established and more customers take up the opportunity to return their eligible containers and receive a refund.

WARRRL will aim to set the scheme prices in advance for each six-month period to assist beverage suppliers with budget planning requirements.

How will first responsible suppliers be charged their contribution to the scheme?

WARRRL will issue a monthly invoice to each first responsible supplier for their share of costs based on the number of eligible containers they have supplied into Western Australia and the price for the relevant material types for the prior month.

Smaller first responsible suppliers, who supply less than 300,000 containers in a financial year (“minor beverage suppliers” as defined in the regulations) will be issued quarterly invoices, based on their actual containers from the previous quarter.

This means that all first responsible suppliers pay in arrears for the scheme, with small businesses paying four months after scheme commencement and then quarterly after the initial period to assist with cashflow management.

What does a first responsible supplier’s declaration involve?

Most beverage suppliers will be required to provide WARRRL with a declaration on the volume of beverages supplied/sold into Western Australia in the previous month.

Minor beverage suppliers (under 300,000 containers per financial year) will be required to provide a quarterly declaration of the volume of beverages supplied/sold into Western Australia.

What is the definition of a ‘minor beverage supplier’?

As set out in the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery (Container Deposit Scheme) Regulations 2019, a “minor beverage supplier” is defined as:

(3) For the purposes of the definition of minor beverage supplier in section 47U(1) of the Act, a beverage supplier who is likely to supply less than 300 000 beverage products in a financial year (including, for the avoidance of doubt, beverage products that are not supplied in the State), is prescribed to be a minor beverage supplier for that financial year.

Minor beverage suppliers’ eligibility will be assessed annually.

Who is responsible for operating the container deposit scheme?

The Western Australian Government appointed WA Return Recycle Renew Limited (WARRRL) to establish and operate Western Australia’s container deposit scheme.

WARRRL is a registered not-for-profit (NFP) organisation and is committed to establishing an effective, convenient, accessible and low-cost container deposit scheme for Western Australia; ensuring consumers can collect a 10c refund for each eligible container and that the scheme provides significant benefits through reduced beverage container litter, increased recycling rates and opportunities for community participation and involvement.

What information will WARRRL need from first responsible suppliers?

First responsible suppliers will be required to register all eligible containers and provide a declaration of the 12-month history of containers by material type supplied into Western Australia (count by material type only – no product specific information or SKU data is required). All information is treated as commercially confidential.

Why is the cost per container more than the 10c deposit?

First responsible suppliers are charged only for their share of the overall costs of the scheme. This includes the cost of refund amounts paid for containers redeemed, plus operational costs of running the scheme (such as refund point handling fees, logistics and processing costs, and other overheads of WARRRL). WARRRL does not derive any profit from operating the scheme, as it is a registered not-for-profit entity.

From the commencement date, it will be an offence under the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2007 to supply eligible beverage products into WA unless the supplier has both entered into a Supplier Agreement with WARRRL and has the relevant container approvals in place.

What do first responsible suppliers need to do to be compliant with scheme obligations?

All first responsible suppliers will be required to enter into a Supplier Agreement with WARRRL and register their eligible containers prior to the scheme commencement date. From this date, it will be an offence under the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2007 to supply eligible beverage products into WA unless the supplier has both entered into a Supplier Agreement and has the relevant container approvals in place.

In addition, first responsible suppliers will need to provide 12 months of supply data to WARRRL.

How do I enter into the Supplier Agreement and register my containers?

To enter into a Supply Agreement with WARRRL please send your name, contact number, contact email and the legal name of the entity that is deemed the first responsible supplier (FRS) to [email protected], and you will be sent a link to commence the registration and contracting process.

Once you have entered into a Supply Agreement with WARRRL you will receive instructions on how to access the portal and register your products. The portal can be accessed via business.containersforchange.com.au. Please note if you have a Supply Agreement in place, but do not currently have access to the portal please contact [email protected].

Are parallel importers affected by the scheme?

Parallel importers are captured by the container deposit scheme. They can rely on the product registration if it is held by another party. It must be the exact product, that is, parallel importers will need to validate the container’s barcode.

If we manufacture a beverage product in Western Australia and then sell to an organisation in a State that doesn’t have a container deposit scheme, do we still pay for the scheme in Western Australia?

No, you will not be subject to the scheme’s costs in Western Australia. If your beverage product is not sold to a party in Western Australia no container deposit scheme costs are payable, assuming your containers move from the manufacturing warehouse in WA to the customer’s warehouse in the non-container deposit scheme State.

We provide donations of water to events, supplied through a contract manufacturer. Do we have to pay the scheme cost for these?

Yes, these are captured under the scheme. The contract manufacturer is responsible up to the contract volume of 300,000 units. Beyond this the contracting party has liability. Refer to regulation 3E.

We are a reuse business; our customers return our returnable/refillable containers to us. Are we affected by the scheme and its costs?

Returnable/refillable containers are not eligible containers under the container deposit scheme and are exempt from scheme costs. Refer to regulation 3B.

Are organisations that use refillable glass bottles that stay within premises affected by the scheme and its costs?

Refillable containers are not eligible containers under the container deposit scheme and are exempt from scheme costs. Additionally, as these bottles are captured in and do not leave the venue, they are more a form of crockery, that is: there is no intention of selling the container only the beverage in it. Refer to regulation 3B.

What containers have been approved for the Western Australia Container Deposit Scheme?

All eligible containers must be approved by the Department of Water and Environmental Regulation in accordance with Division 3 of the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery (Container Deposit Scheme) Regulations 2019. The database of containers is continuously updated as new approvals are provided.

Visit Containers for Change to search for eligible containers.

What if you intend to cease supplying containers into WA permanently?

If you intend to cease supplying containers into WA permanently you must give WARRRL at least 20 business days notice. After you cease supplying, please arrange for one of your directors to complete and sign the attached statutory declaration and return it to [email protected] and ensure your sales volumes are up to date on the portal. Please ensure the statutory declaration is signed by an authorised witness, a list of authorised witnesses is outlined on page 2 of the statutory declaration document.

Need help?

For requests to register as a first responsible supplier (FRS) and any technical issues relating to the portal (accessing or registering your products) please get in touch with the contact centre at:

Ph: 13 42 42

Email: [email protected]

For all queries relating to your Supply Agreement, your obligations as an FRS, changes to your company information or adding portal access please contact our Commercial team at:

Email: [email protected]

 

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